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Uganda vs. Rwanda Gorilla Tracking: Contrasting Experiences in Pristine Wilderness

Gorilla tracking is an unparalleled wildlife adventure that allows travelers to witness the majestic mountain gorillas in their natural habitat. Two East African countries, Uganda and Rwanda, offer remarkable opportunities for gorilla tracking. While both destinations provide unforgettable encounters with these endangered creatures, there are distinct differences that set each experience apart. In this article, we explore the contrasting elements of gorilla tracking in Uganda and Rwanda.

  • The Gorilla Habitats

Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, and Rwanda’s Volcanoes National Park are home to habituated gorilla families. Bwindi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, boasts a dense rainforest ecosystem, while Volcanoes National Park showcases volcanic mountains and bamboo forests. Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in Uganda also encompasses volcanic terrain. The varying landscapes provide unique backdrops for the gorilla tracking experience.

  • Gorilla Groups and Accessibility

Uganda is home to over half of the world’s mountain gorilla population, with multiple gorilla groups available for tracking. Bwindi alone has over 18 habituated gorilla families, allowing for a greater chance of securing permits. In contrast, Rwanda has fewer gorilla families, making permits more competitive.

Accessibility is another crucial aspect to consider. Uganda’s gorilla tracking locations can involve longer and more challenging treks due to the rugged terrain. In Rwanda, the gorillas are generally more accessible, requiring less strenuous hikes. Therefore, those seeking a more physically demanding adventure may find Uganda’s tracking experience to be more suitable.

  • Permit Costs and Availability

Gorilla tracking permits are a vital requirement for both Uganda and Rwanda. The cost of permits varies between the two countries. Rwanda’s permits are generally more expensive than Uganda’s, reflecting the country’s effort to position itself as a high-end tourism destination.

Furthermore, the availability of permits differs between the countries. Due to the larger number of gorilla families and the resulting availability of permits, securing a permit in Uganda is often perceived as more straightforward. However, it is essential to book well in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons, to ensure permit availability in either country.

  • Gorilla Tracking Experience

Both Uganda and Rwanda offer an unforgettable gorilla tracking experience. The encounters with the gorillas are strictly regulated to ensure the safety of both the visitors and the gorillas. In both countries, experienced guides and trackers accompany visitors, providing insights into gorilla behavior and facilitating a smooth and informative tracking expedition.

In Uganda, the duration of the gorilla tracking experience can be more varied, as the gorilla families are spread across a larger area. The treks can be physically demanding but provide a sense of adventure and exploration through the dense rainforests.

In Rwanda, the gorilla families are generally closer to the park’s entrances, resulting in shorter hikes and less physically demanding treks. This accessibility can be advantageous for individuals with limited mobility or those seeking a more relaxed experience.

  • Cultural and Additional Experiences

While the focus of gorilla tracking is undoubtedly the gorillas themselves, both Uganda and Rwanda offer unique cultural and additional experiences.

In Uganda, travelers have the opportunity to explore the rich cultural heritage of the local communities. Engaging with the Batwa people, who were traditionally forest dwellers, provides a glimpse into their ancient traditions and way of life.

Rwanda, known as the “Land of a Thousand Hills,” offers breathtaking landscapes beyond the gorilla habitat. Visitors can immerse themselves in the country’s vibrant culture, visit bustling markets, and even extend their journey to the beautiful Lake Kivu or the iconic Nyungwe Forest.


Gorilla tracking in Uganda and Rwanda presents distinct yet equally captivating experiences. Uganda’s vast gorilla population, diverse landscapes, and adventurous treks make it an excellent choice for those seeking a more physically challenging encounter. On the other hand, Rwanda’s accessibility, intimate gorilla groups, and cultural attractions cater to travelers looking for a more relaxed and culturally immersive experience.

Ultimately, the choice between Uganda and Rwanda for gorilla tracking depends on personal preferences, physical capabilities, and time constraints. Regardless of the destination chosen, both countries provide an extraordinary opportunity to witness the awe-inspiring mountain gorillas, leaving visitors with memories that will last a lifetime.