Giraffes in Uganda
More over half of the Nubian giraffe (previously) live in Uganda. In the wild, it is known as Rothschild’s giraffe. Giraffe of Nubia are a Northern giraffe subspecies. Giraffes are protected by the Game (Preservation and Protection) Act.
Control) Act of 1959 (Chapter 198), as well as those specified in Part A of the Act’s First Schedule as animals that may not be pursued or apprehended Despite this exceptional protection, giraffes are endangered.
Between 1960 and 1970, numbers fell by nearly 90%.During the 1990s, as well as three out of every five giraffe populations During this time, he vanished. In a country where Giraffes and other animals are worried by political and social upheaval.
Many other wild animal species witnessed significant declines.The population is dwindling.
in uganda the Nubian giraffe population is gradually rebounding. The current giraffe population in Uganda is estimated to be at 1,575 individuals. This conservation success can be attributed to the Uganda Wildlife Authority’s (UWA) ongoing protected areas with support from the Giraffe Conservation Foundation (GCF) and other partners, in addition to more insightful data and new and enhanced strategies of monitoring giraffe societies employing pictorial mark-recapture technique.
Giraffes were formerly common in northern and eastern Uganda, both inside and outside of nature reserves. The giraffe species had been decreased to 1,800 members by the 1960s, and they were mostly limited to five nature reserves: Bokoro Corridor Wildlife Reserve, Matheniko Wildlife Reserve, Pian-Upe Wildlife Reserve, Murchison Falls National Park, and Kidepo Valley National Park.
poaching and rising farmland usage owing to a rising human population reduced giraffe numbers even more. Giraffes were only found in two places in the country by the mid-1990s: Kidepo Valley National Park and the northern half of Murchison Falls National Park. Giraffe have been made extinct (locally extinct) in the Matheniko Wildlife Reserve (last giraffe sighting before 1983), the Pian-Upe Wildlife Reserve (last giraffe sighting in 1995), and the Bokoro Corridor Wildlife Reserve (last giraffe sighting in 1995). (last giraffe sighting in 1996).
Today, four separate giraffe populations exist in Uganda, thanks to planned conservation efforts by the Uganda Wildlife Authority in conjunction with GCF and other partners. Conservation translocations are a key approach for boosting the number of giraffes in the wild. This is especially important for Uganda, which has performed translocations in an effort to rebuild giraffe numbers and assure long-term birth rate patterns.
Effective giraffe colonies have been established in Lake Mburo National Park (15 giraffe translocated from Murchison Falls National Park) and on the Murchison Falls National Park’s southern side of the Nile River (18 and 19 giraffe teleported from the northern section in 2016 and 2017, respectively). In 2018, the limited giraffe population in Kidepo Valley National Park was supplemented with 14 giraffes from Murchison Falls National Park.
As a result, Murchison Falls National Park has a thriving giraffe number (about 1,450 north and 45 south of the Nile) and is home to almost half of Africa’s Nubian giraffe. Populations at Lake Mburo National Park (24 people) and Kidepo Valley National Park (60 people) are likewise stable rising.