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Geography of Semuliki National Park | African Geography | Geography of Uganda

Semuliki National Park is located in the western part of Uganda, within the Albertine Rift Valley. Here’s an overview of the park’s geography.



Semuliki National Park is situated in the Bundibugyo District of western Uganda, bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to the west. It is approximately 360 kilometers (224 miles) west of Kampala, the capital city of Uganda.



The park is characterized by a diverse topography. It encompasses parts of the Ituri and Semliki valleys, which are part of the Western Rift Valley system. The landscape consists of low-lying grasslands, dense forests, swampy areas, hot springs, and the dramatic Rwenzori mountain range in the background.


Semliki River

The Semliki River is a prominent feature of the park and plays a significant role in shaping its geography. The river meanders through the park, creating a lush riparian habitat and providing a water source for wildlife. It eventually flows into Lake Albert.


Semuliki Valley

Semuliki National Park is named after the Semuliki Valley, which is formed by the western arm of the Great Rift Valley. The valley is characterized by its unique flora and fauna, influenced by the Central African rainforest system.


Ituri Forest

The park is home to a section of the Ituri Forest, which extends from the DRC into Uganda. This ancient tropical rainforest is considered one of the oldest and most biodiverse forests in Africa. Its presence within Semuliki National Park contributes to its ecological significance.


Hot Springs

Semuliki National Park is renowned for its hot springs, which are a fascinating geological feature. The Sempaya Hot Springs, known as the male and female springs, are a popular attraction within the park. Visitors can witness the boiling water bubbling from the ground, creating a unique natural spectacle.


Albertine Rift

Semuliki National Park lies within the Albertine Rift, which is a branch of the East African Rift System. This region is known for its exceptional biodiversity, supporting a wide range of endemic plant and animal species.


The geography of Semuliki National Park combines elements of grasslands, forests, wetlands, and water bodies, creating a diverse ecosystem that supports a rich array of wildlife. Its location within the Albertine Rift Valley adds to its ecological importance and makes it a unique destination for nature enthusiasts.

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